For this exercise I decided to search for some ‘doorways’ in the town in Switzerland I was visiting. I got attracted by the view inside the train station and a second scene of a tunnel under the railways. Therefore I decided to do my studies here. I checked the drawings later back at home.
Eye level: as the ‘doorways’ were a bit un-straight with a downwards slope it was not so easy to estimate my eye level. What helped was the indication of some receding lines towards the wall (#1) and the staircase (#2).
Checking my drawing: I added in blue pencil the horizontal eye level and the observed receding lines. In red pencil I added in #1 the adjusted perspective lines towards the vanishing point.
#1 Train Station – inside viewpoint:Here the receding lines were quite manifold: upwards and downwards lines. Additionally there were the posters on the wall with the smaller edges receding as well. Overall, I think I placed the parallel lines not too far away from the vanishing point. At the end I marked the corrected perspective lines and found that my vanishing point was actually a bit higher and a bit more to the left.
#2 Underground tunnel – looking through viewpoint:In this study #2 the walls and a kind of wal frame helped me to get the receding lines better in place. After checking (in blue) I found that nearly all of them matched my eye level and the main vanishing point at the end of the tunnel. What was a bit off were the bricks at the top of the tunnel entry building an arc. I found them more difficult to draw as there were no receding parallel lines close by that I could use as a reference. Therefore I drew them more freely.
The tunnel had actually two vanishing points due to its special construction: entry with a downward slope and a vanishing point somewhere in the middle of the tunnel, and the tunnel as such with parallel lines towards the main vanishing point at the stairs at the end.
- Quite good and simple exercise to check my observation skills.
- A ruler certainly would help for more accuracy, especially on a bit more distant objects (like the bricks in #2) or on more smaller repeating objects (like the wall posters in #1)
- At times, drawing all those perspective lines reminded me more like an architectural drawing.
- Additional slopes like in study #2 can make the construction a bit more complex. This need to be observed correctly in the first place.
– Practice, practice. I think with a lot of doing such drawings the observed and drawn lines would match very well the perspective lines – even without a ruler.